Domestic Scenario: In Nigeria, rice (grown on 1.77 million ha) ranks sixth after sorghum (4.0 million ha), millet (3.5 million ha), cowpea (2.0 million ha), cassava (2.0 million ha) and yam (2.0 million ha), but if placed on a social scale, it can as well be ranked first because it is no longer just a mere festival meal, but the staple of most homes in urban and rural areas.
Domestic Production: Farm size scale ranges from 1.1 to 5 hectares while only an insignificant percentage cultivate between 5.1 – 10 hectares. The land mass used for rice cultivation increased from 150,000 hectares in the 1960s to about 1.8 million hectares currently. More than 90% of rice is produced by resource poor small-scale farmers and about 95% of processors are small-scale using low capacity and obsolete mills. This scenario however is beginning to change in the last two years as large rice mills are now being set up all over the country.