Domestic Scenario: Maize is a cereal crop that has gain popularity in Northern Nigeria. It is widely cultivated in almost all parts of the region within varying agro-ecological environments. The grains are rich in vitamins A, C and E, carbohydrates, essential minerals and contain about 9% of protein. They are also rich in dietary fiber and calories which are good source of energy.
Domestic Production: According to NAERLS crop production estimate, Nigeria harvested 5.7million hectares of maize in 2014, the highest producer in the sub-Saharan region. Maize production is mainly a Northern Nigeria activity.
Domestic Trade: in general terms production of maize in Northern Nigeria is from smallholder subsistence farmers. Supply generally for consumption with surplus for sale. However, commercial maize production has started gaining ground in Northern Nigeria. Market participants in maize trading include farmers, retailers, buying agents etc.
Global Scenario: Growing demand for food in most developing countries is the key factor in driving price of maize to higher prices. Moreover, most food processing industries have expended their capacity utilization to meet the increasing demand of their products. These factors have contributed in raising the volume of export of maize from Nigeria.