Domestic Scenario: Groundnut is grown on a large scale in almost all the tropical and subtropical countries of the world. Before the fossil oil boom, groundnut was one of the major sources of revenue and foreign exchange earnings in Nigeria. Between 1956 and 1967, groundnut was the country’s most valuable single export crop, exemplified by the famous Kano groundnut pyramids. Nigeria is the fourth largest producer of groundnut in the world.
The crop is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria. These states are Kano, Katsina, Kaduna, Jigawa, Sokoto, Zamfara and Kebbi in the Northwest; Adamawa, Bauchi, Yobe and Borno in the Northeast; and Benue, Plateau, Taraba, Nasarawa, FCT Abuja, Kogi, Niger and Kwara in the Central Zone.
Commercialization: Being a labor-intensive crop, it generates employment for the rural poor. Groundnut contributes to 23% of household cash revenue.
Global Scenario: Nigeria is the largest groundnut producing country in West Africa, accounting for 51% of production in the region. The country contributes 10% of total global production and 39% that of Africa. About 48% of the world output is for food uses and 52% is crushed, producing groundnut oil and cake. Consumption patterns vary widely from country to country.