COWPEA (White Beans)
Domestic Scenario: Cowpea is one of the most economically important legume crops grown in arid zone and Savannah regions of Nigeria. All part of it are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 time the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more vitamin C and beta-carotene of cowpea seed. The crop is cultivated both as food and cash crop. It is a popular food crop in most parts of Nigeria. Production varieties: Mainly two varieties (the white and red) cowpeas are cultivated in Northern Nigeria. Both varieties are popular for consumption and export.
Domestic Production: Nigeria is the largest producer of cowpea worldwide, as 58% of worldwide production comes from this country. Yet Nigeria is still the largest consumer of the crop. To supplement our production, substantial amount come into Nigeria from neighboring countries. In 2014 the volume of cowpea production in Northern Nigeria is 1, 397 Million tons. It is a crop that smallholder farmers grow mostly for commercial purposes.
Global Scenario: About 5.4million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide from 11 million hectares, Africa produces nearly 5.2million. In West and central Africa cowpea grain are primarily in demand for human consumption. Variety of dishes is produced using cowpea. It is also of high export value worldwide where 2.4billion USD worth of cowpea was sold in 2010.